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Treating Allergies 101

Immunotherapy is a medical treatment that involves exposing a person to small amounts of an allergen over time to reduce or eliminate their allergy symptoms. It is typically used to treat allergies to substances such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and mold.

There are two main types of immunotherapy:

  1. Allergy shots: Allergy shots, also known as subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), involve injecting a small amount of the allergen under the skin. The dosage is gradually increased over time, usually over several months, until the patient develops a tolerance to the allergen.
  2. Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT): SLIT involves placing a small amount of the allergen under the tongue. The dosage is gradually increased over time, usually for several months, until the patient develops a tolerance to the allergen.

The goal of immunotherapy is to help the immune system develop a tolerance to the allergen so that it no longer triggers an allergic reaction. Immunotherapy is usually recommended for patients with severe or persistent allergy symptoms who have not responded to other treatments, or for those who want to reduce their dependence on medications.

It's important to consult with an allergist or immunologist to determine if immunotherapy is the appropriate treatment for your condition. Immunotherapy can be a long-term commitment and requires careful monitoring by a medical professional.

If you suffer from allergy symptoms, call Dr. Lapco, ENT, or book an appointment online today.

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